Book Title: 
Philosophy of Religion
Muhammad Taqi Ja‘fari
Mansoor Limba
ABWA Publishing and Printing Center
Number of pages: 
Publish Date:
Wed, 09/21/2016 - 16:58

Philosophy of Religion

Before determining the realm of religion, it is necessary to discuss the need for religion and logically clarify this need for human beings. In order to understand why a person turns to religion we must know the meaning of religion as well as that of life. In general, life can be classified into two main types: common natural life and rational life.

Common natural life is the phenomena of natural life; for example, feeling, moving, choosing, thinking, reproducing, attracting sources of pleasure, and avoiding sources of harm, as far as possible. It is the pure natural life which encompasses all animals—from the unicellular organism to the human being with 75 trillion cells.

Life, in the first sense, is not only not in need of religion, but in some instances, also disturbed by it. This kind of life can benefit from all things in whatever way it wants for its desires. In this life, knowledge, art, nobility, dignity, morality, religion, rights, politics, culture, civilization, and freedom, are all viewed from a Machiavellian perspective, as a means to an end.

Meanwhile, rational life is the opposite of common natural life. Rational life pertains to a conscious search that increases the ardent desire to move to the next stage. The human being is the forerunner of this search, whose origin is eternity. This meaningful world is his passageway. His ultimate aim is to be in the eternal realm, in the Axis of Absolute Perfection; the Absolute Perfection whose zephyr of love and glory makes waves on the things in the universe and whose light brightens the tortuous path of material and spiritual perfection.